Planning and Preparing a lesson plays vital role in your class room. If a teacher doesn’t have a lesson plan, he will not to be able to deliver it properly or students may not find it useful. So it is recommended to always plan lessons before delivering it to students. When you prepare your material, the lesson will be more productive, you will be more confident about the knowledge you are going to pass into young brains. Additionally you will be able find some interesting examples and activities to interact with students like a Pro Teacher.
How to Plan an Effective Lesson:
There are five stages of a lesson plan. Every stage has its own benefits and positive effects, so apply all these principles to get maximum output.
(* by assuming typical period time 35 minutes)
- Previous Knowledge (5 minutes)
- Introduction to New Material (10 minutes)
- Activities (group or individual) (10 minutes)
- Sum up / conclusion / Assessment ( 5 minutes)
- Follow up (home works, activities, projects (5 minutes)
Ask questions about the topic you are going to teach. Try to relate the lesson topic to your circumstances, your daily life activities. In this way students will have general idea about the upcoming knowledge. Ask two or three question and don’t go detail as you have to deliver your lesson ahead and time should be left enough to explain it properly. Checking students’ previous knowledge should not take more than 5 minutes.
Introduction to New material:
Now start your topic. Explain each and every aspect briefly. Use simple language and explain terms with native meaning so that students can understand all you stuff. Never stick on a single place, move around and make eye contact with each student. In this way all of your class will be attentive and open to accept all knowledge.
Most of the teachers in Pakistan ( or may be in other under developed or developing countries) doesn’t use activities, saying they don’t get enough time for a lesson to include activities. But as a teacher you should understand, knowledge without practical use is not fruitful. If students don’t practice what they learn, they will not be able to grasp the meaning and hold it in their minds for long time period. As a result, within a week, they will forget all what you taught them.
An Assessment is important to evaluate results. Did you achieve you SLOs? Or students are wondering what the whole thing was about. Ask questions; what they learned today? What was the topic? See how much they can elaborate the topic back to you. Help them where there is some misunderstanding. If they don’t get most of lesson, take easy and deliver the lesson next day again. Change your style and include some other examples they find interesting.
Follow up (important part of a Lesson Planning )
If everything goes according to lesson plan, at the end assign them home work. Usually we give home work from book. You can also assign them some project they can complete easily. But projects should be given only at the end of chapter. Whether it is home work or project, give details about it. Describe each aspect and explain what the purpose of the homework is. Bright students pick it easily but less intelligent ones some time even don’t know what’s going on here. So focus in them. They need you attention.
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